The astonishing story of Ken’s tax affairs continues to build, with further revelations in today’s Standard. After I revealed, on Sunday, that this great critic of “rich bastard” tax avoiders had avoided at least £50,000 in tax by channelling his earnings through a personal company (paying 21% corporation tax rather than 40% income tax), Ken said he would shut the company down if he became mayor.
It now turns out, however, that for about six years of his previous mayoralty, Ken had a similar arrangement. As I described on Monday, he channelled most of his (very large) income before his election in 2000 through a personal tax-shelter company, Localaction. What the Standard today reveals is that he did not shut down Localaction, and continued to process his non-mayoral-salary income through it, until 2006.
Ken insisted today that he had simply been “too busy” to wind down Localaction and that all the non-salary income he earned after becoming mayor had been donated to an (unspecified) charity “for the education of children who had had their fathers killed in India.” I’ve just asked his spokesman what charity that is and will update you when he responds.
The Standard has done a lead editorial today saying Ken’s behaviour “sits uncomfortably with his jibes about ‘rich bastards’ avoiding tax… Mr Livingstone’s public image does not quite square with minimising tax obligations.”
Ken’s tax avoidance also came up at Prime Minister’s Questions today. Asked by a London Tory MP about the issue, David Cameron said: “Whether it is Barclays Bank or, frankly, Ken Livingstone, people should pay the full amount of tax.
“I hope HMRC will look carefully at all these sorts of cases. Frankly, Londoners, many of whom live in Labour-controlled areas with high Labour council taxes, will be pretty angry about what they have seen. They will probably conclude Red Ken has been caught red-handed.”
One of this blog’s oldest friends, Azad Ali, has a great new post. As the Harry’s Place blog reports, Azad is the new vice-chair of Unite Against Fascism, the ostensibly anti-racist group (in fact more of a meal-ticket for the leadership of the Socialist Workers’ Party.)
Azad is the community affairs co-ordinator of the extremist Islamic Forum of Europe, which controls the East London Mosque and which is dedicated, in its own words, to changing the “very infrastructure of society, its institutions, its culture, its political order and its creed … from ignorance to Islam.” Through “hisbah” (the enforcement of Islamic law) and “jihad,” it aims to create a “global” Islamic dictatorship, the caliphate, and its “primary work” in this “is in Europe, because it is this continent, despite all the furore about its achievements, which has a moral and spiritual vacuum.”
The IFE has already made some progress towards its goal, exercising strong influence over Tower Hamlets Council through its close ally, the elected mayor, Lutfur Rahman. Lutfur’s council has been busily engaged in enforcing Islamic law on, for instance, local strip clubs and a gay pub. At the last election Azad and the IFE also helped to deliver extraordinary and unprecedented swings in their East London heartland for their equally close friend, Ken Livingstone (Ken had given the East London Mosque more than £1 million of City Hall money to build the IFE a new headquarters, despite the strenuous objections of his officials.)
Azad has written on his IFE blog of his “love” for Anwar al-Awlaki, the al-Qaeda cleric. He used to attend talks by Al-Qaeda’s main representative in the UK, Abu Qatada. He has described al-Qaeda as a “myth” and said that the Mumbai terrorist attacks were not terrorism. On his IFE blog, he advocated the killing of British troops in Iraq (he sued a newspaper for reporting this, and lost.) Filmed by an undercover reporter for my Channel 4 Dispatches on the IFE, Azad said: “Democracy, if it means at the expense of not implementing the sharia, of course no-one agrees with that.” His response to this exposure was to threaten our undercover reporter.
It would, I think, be fair to describe Azad Ali as an Islamic fascist.
And Azad’s immediate boss, UAF’s chair, is… Ken Livingstone. In this small world, isn’t it fascinating how the same names keep cropping up?
When a product is hard to shift, you cut the price. Not enough voters are buying Ken Livingstone’s election promises at the moment – can’t think why – so Ken’s launched a money-off sale. Of himself.
In the Guardian, Ken has promised that he will take a tax pay cut if he is elected mayor in May. He’s offering to reduce his mayoral salary by “at least” five per cent, saving Londoners £7,150 annually. That’s – let me see – a big-value 0.1p a year each!
Not sure this’ll have us rushing to the polling stations on its own, Ken – you’ll probably have to think up some more bargain deals. How about a free Lee Jasper with every Ken Livingstone purchased?
There’s one rather glaring problem, of course. As I revealed on Sunday, Ken is one of those progressives who only appears to believe in progressive taxation for other people. He has been using what he describes as a “tax avoidance option:” channelling his very substantial earnings (£232,000 in 2009) through a personal company, paying 21% corporation tax (a lower rate than my cleaner) instead of 40% income tax, splitting his income with his wife (even though it was earned solely by him) and depriving the Revenue of at least £50,000 in tax (a conservative estimate.) This despite his condemning tax avoiders as “rich bastards” who should not be allowed to vote.
It’ll take more than a 5% pay cut to make up for taxpayers’ losses on that canny little deal.
Like a clockwork model you can’t unwind, Ken proceeded on his pre-programmed campaign path today – a new attack on Boris for his high earnings and alleged failure to give money to charity!
The day after Ken (income in 2009: £232,000; tax paid on that sum: about 21 per cent ) was exposed a tax-avoiding member of the “1 per cent,” Ken’s “very positive campaign” has launched attack ads on Boris for writing a well-paid Daily Telegraph column. He handed in a letter at Downing Street calling on Boris to give up his “second job” and which includes the following priceless passage:
“The global economic crisis, the arguments over bankers’ bonuses, and the scandals over MPs’ expenses, all mean the public now expect much higher standards about the accountability of people in public life than ever before.”
Boris does earn a lot of money. But he doesn’t channel it through a personal company to avoid at least £50,000 in tax. You’d think even Ken would have the shame – or at least the elementary political nous – to realise that this is the wrong moment for his big class-war thrust.
There is sometimes a point at which political campaigns tip into ridicule. I don’t think Ken is there, yet, but much more of this and he will be.
There’s one other problem with Ken’s latest piece of “very positive” campaigning. As the blogger Guido Fawkes has pointed out, Ken himself wrote a newspaper column, in The Independent, for about a year after he became mayor. It’s worse than that, actually. For more than a year after his election, he also remained as MP for Brent East.
So instead of having “two jobs,” Mayor Ken had three.
PS: According to ITV’s Simon Harris, Ken supporters have also hired a “protest double-decker” to follow Boris’s new Routemaster, which enters service today. Ridicule moment approaching faster than I thought…
PPS: A magnificent piss-take of Ken (“he needed more than just fine words to show that he is down with the One Per Cent”) in Sam Leith’s Standard column today.
Ken, scourge of “rich bastard” tax avoiders, believer that “everybody should pay tax at the same rate on their earnings and all other income,” was pressed on the BBC tonight about my story that he avoided at least £50,000 in tax in 2009 alone by channelling his earnings (£232,000 that year) through a personal company, Silveta Ltd, with himself and his wife as the sole shareholders.
Under this arrangement, he paid corporation tax (20-21%) on the £232k instead of income tax (40% at the time). Ken claimed to the BBC today that he was “not avoiding tax” because he paid further tax on any money that he drew out from the company. However, this statement has been contradicted from Ken’s own lips.
Ken has been accused of tax avoidance in the past. In 2000, before first being elected mayor, he channelled his non-parliamentary earnings through a company called Localaction. There, too, he paid corporation tax, rather than income tax, on it. His defence at the time was much the same – he’d paid further amounts in income tax on what he drew out of the company.
“It is only a tax avoidance option provided you’re not drawing the money out,” he said (Sunday Times, 23 January 2000.)
This “tax avoidance option” is, in fact, precisely what Ken is doing now. In 2009 and 2010, the only years for which Silveta’s accounts are available, he has drawn out little, if any, money from the company. By June 2010, the last date for which figures are available, he had piled up a cash mountain in the company of £320,000.
By the way, Ken’s claim that he is not avoiding tax if he draws money out of the company is not true, either. You do indeed have to pay income tax on company dividends – but at a far lower rate than normal. National insurance (effectively another form of income tax, levied at up to 12% on the rest of us) is not payable at all. So even if you add the corporation tax and the dividend income tax together, you are still paying quite a lot less than some poor sap (such as myself or, well, most people) who is on PAYE, or a freelance who submits a tax return for his earnings in the normal way.
All that is even before Ken’s ability to split his company’s dividend 50-50 between himself and his wife, as joint owner of Silveta, even though all its money was earned by him. He can use Mrs L’s tax allowances and her status as a basic-rate taxpayer to make yet further lovely savings!
And in yet another money-saver, it appears that Ken has been paying his wife – from company funds – to act as his PA and ammanuensis for his autobiography. “I don’t think anyone pays tax on the money they pay other people to work for them,” he claimed today. That’s a typically slippery formulation, if I may say so, Ken. When I pay, say, my cleaner, or plumber, I do so from income on which I have already paid my full share of tax. When you pay Mrs L, it sounds like you are paying her from untaxed (or partially taxed) income, treating her services as “company expenses” and setting them against tax, further reducing your already shrunken bills.
As several of my commenters have said, I hope UK Uncut’s reading all this. Some form of direct action against this particular tax-avoiding member of the “1 per cent” would seem due.
Ken Livingstone, who has attacked tax avoiders as “rich bastards” who should “not be allowed to vote,” has avoided at least £50,000 in tax by having himself paid through a personal company.
Companies House documents show that Mr Livingstone, who is Labour’s candidate for the London mayoralty, earned £232,000 in 2009, the first year after he was defeated by Boris Johnson at the last mayoral election. The money, from personal appearances, speechmaking and hosting a radio show, was paid directly into a new company set up by Mr Livingstone and his then partner, now wife, Emma, who are the sole shareholders.
Accountants shown the documents by The Sunday Telegraph say the move appears designed to ensure that Mr Livingstone paid corporation tax at 20 or 21 per cent, rather than income tax at up to 40 per cent – a loophole the former mayor has himself attacked as “Robin Hood in reverse.” Mr Livingstone confirmed the arrangement last night.
He is also able to split his income 50-50 with his wife, even though it was earned entirely by him, saving further substantial amounts of tax, and pay Mrs Livingstone from company funds for acting as his “assistant.”
At almost the exact moment that Ken was setting up his tax-avoidance scheme, he was also writing the following (in his column for The Sun, amusingly enough):
“THESE rich bastards just don’t get it…No one should be allowed to vote in a British election, let alone sit in our Parliament, unless they are paying their full share of tax.
“Cameron’s problem is too many of his team have become super rich by exploiting every tax fiddle. Given he is surrounded by so many millionaires in the shadow cabinet it’s not surprising their tax policies aim to reward the rich and screw the rest of us…
“If Brown wants to get re-elected he should promise to sweep away all the tax scams and everybody should pay tax at the same rate on their earnings and all other income.”
Hear, hear to that, Ken!
Here is the transcript of my conversation with Ken when I rang him up yesterday.
Q: Have you ever engaged in any measures to reduce your tax burden?
A: I have no idea, you’ll have to talk to my accountant.
Q: Have you paid income tax on all the income that’s passed through your company?
A: You’ll have to ask my accountant, I don’t deal with any tax matters.
Q: Well, look, we’ve shown the accounts of your company, Silveta, to three accountants, who say that it is clearly a legal tax avoidance device to pay corporation tax rather than income tax and to split any dividends with your wife, further reducing the tax burden. What do you say to that?
A: Do you expect my wife to work for nothing?
Q: So some of the income in the company is from her employment, is it?
A: Well, she was forced out of her job [as Ken’s PA] once Boris won, and then spent time organising my life and helping with the autobiography, so I think it’s right that she should be paid.
Q: So who’s been paying her?
A: Out of the company.
Q: OK, but the money that came into the company was from your employment, wasn’t it, from LBC and speaking engagements and things like that.
Q: But nobody formally paid into the company for her, right? You’ve been sharing out the profits of the company with her?
A: But there’s no way I could have done all that without her. She had to organise all my after-dinner speaking, travel, and sat there in the attic for three years whilst I dictated the autobiography. I mean, I do think she’s entitled to be paid.
Q: OK. What’s your response to what the accountants say, that this is a legal tax avoidance device to pay corporation rather than income tax?
A: Well, we seem to have paid an awful lot of tax.
Q: Have you paid the full amount of income tax on all the income that’s passed through your company, Silveta?
A: As I’m paid, yes I pay income tax.
Q: But the payment comes into the company, not to you. You’re not paid, the company is paid. Your clients pay the company.
A: Yeah, but then what you get is that we had a big influx of money in the year after I left [the mayoralty] because there were a load of people outstanding wanting me to go and advise them in various parts of the world, and then the money tailed off. So we spread it over the three years.
Q: Right. So let me just be clear on this, Ken. The money was paid in to the company–
A: And we paid tax on it, the company paid tax on it.
Q: The company paid corporation tax, right? And that is less than income tax.
A: [When] it then pays me, you pay an amount of tax that is effectively the same rate as you would have done on income tax.
Q: Well, I’m advised that it is actually substantially less, because Emma [his wife] is a basic rate taxpayer and she doesn’t pay any tax [on company dividends]. And you as a higher-rate tax payer only have to pay 18 per cent, so the overall effect is less. That’s the arrangement.
A: Don’t forget the money when it comes in to the company is taxed. When you add the two together, it is much the same as any directly employed [person.]
Q: It’s not actually, Ken, it is less. But just to be clear about this: when the money comes in it’s taxed at corporation tax [rates] and when you take it out as dividends, you do pay a lesser rate of income tax [and no national insurance], and that’s how it works.
A: You’d have to ask the accountants.
Q: In terms of the dividends, you haven’t actually taken any dividends out. You’ve got a large cash pile sitting there at the moment. So you haven’t actually paid any income tax on any of that money because you haven’t taken it as dividends.
A: I haven’t any idea at all, I’m not involved in any of this. I leave it to the accountant and to Emma.
Q: You have obviously heavily criticised tax avoidance in the past. In 2009, you said: “Cameron’s problem is too many of his team have become super-rich by exploiting every tax fiddle… [We should] sweep away all the tax scams and everybody should pay tax at the same rate on their earnings and all other income.”
A: If you make me Chancellor, if the Telegraph leads a campaign for me to be Chancellor, that’s exactly what I would do….
Q: What’s your response to the charge of hypocrisy?
From Monday, for the first time in years on a proper route, Londoners can hop on a bus again. I took a preview ride on the new Borismaster on Thursday – and it was great.
As regular readers may know, I have reservations about the design. Some of those reservations remain. But the more I see it, the more I like it. Nor am I the only one. As we drove through the streets of central London, along the first route (the 38) that it will serve, heads turned. Small crowds of people gathered wherever it stopped, snapping pictures on their phones and having to be gently dissuaded from climbing on to the open platform.
It is quiet. It arrived at the stop with an electric hum. The ride is smooth, and it has more headroom than I remembered from the mockup. A long stripe of glass snakes all the way down the back, lighting up the curly rear staircase. The old Routemaster’s half-cab is no more (boo!) But its slatted, wood-effect floors, its classic dark-red interior, its conductors – and, above all, its platform at the back – return. Once more, from Monday, you can hop off between stops if the traffic is slow. Once more, you can run after the bus and haul yourself aboard. The authorities are treating us like adults again.
Now those reservations. I predict (justified) complaints about the lower-deck seating: very little of it is step-free, and quite a few seats face backwards. Bumping your head might still be a problem when you get up from some of the seats.
Although the buses will have conductors for most of the day, the conductor’s role has deliberately been made close to pointless. He or she will not take your money or swipe your Oyster card – which you must still tap in, a la bendy bus, on a reader by the doors. This is likely to restore to the network bendy-bus levels of fare evasion, one of the very reasons for getting rid of the old junction-blockers. The conductors’ main duty will be to supervise passenger security – but they will not be on duty after about 7pm, when the need for security is greatest.
All this feels like TfL’s sneaky bureaucracy (which never really wanted this bus) in action. By giving the conductors no real work to do, TfL is setting them up to be axed at the earliest possible moment. The rear platform will then be almost permanently closed, and the bus operated nearly all the time as a conventional one-person double-decker. Boris should put a stop to this transparent ploy. The conductors should sell tickets, and swipe Oyster cards, at people’s seats. They would easily pay for themselves in extra fare revenue gained.
No doubt, too, there will be teething problems with the new bus – as there are with everything new. There is only one of them at the moment, so in the first weeks even a minor problem will bring the entire Borismaster service to a juddering halt. London traffic and London passenger loads are demanding, and the sole bus will be battling them for 18 hours a day. The Borismaster has a small but committed chorus of joyless haters who will inflate every flat tyre into a new humiliation for the mayor. (If Ken Livingstone had done this, they would of course love it. The new bus, however, is possibly the only thing on earth that Ken has promised not to spend money on.)
But you know what, I think most people will love this thing. It feels surprisingly modern: “sleek,” “forward-looking” and “classy” were the kinds of words that came from the passers-by I grabbed.
According to David Hampson-Ghani, TfL’s project manager for the new bus, there are “no firm plans” to order any more than the initial eight. But there is, he says, a “high possibility” that TfL will place an order for a further 30 to 50 – enough to convert a complete route – in July, and “the intention is to order hundreds.”
Most of all, this vehicle is a giant red smack in the face for the cheap, nasty and degraded new PFI hospitals, schools – and buses – with which this country has been splattered. Right down to its chunky bell-pushes, the Borismaster is thrillingly evocative of an age when form and function mattered in the public sector, when things were designed to please, to work, and to last. At £1 for each person in London, who can complain about that?
Rabina Khan, Lutfur Rahman’s cabinet member for housing, penned a sharp attack today on the Evening Standard’s recent series of articles about the electoral roll shenanigans in Tower Hamlets, the Sharia-tinged administration of which she is part.
Ms Khan claimed that linking Lutfur with Islamic extremism was “simply risible.” Perhaps she’s forgotten that Lutfur lost a complaint on this precise subject against me and this newspaper at the Press Complaints Commission recently. The PCC ruled that it was “not misleading” to describe Rahman as “closely linked” to the extremist Islamic group, the Islamic Forum of Europe (IFE), who control the East London Mosque.
Dozens and dozens of times over the last two years, this blog, this newspaper, and Channel 4’s Dispatches have produced copious evidence linking Lutfur with Islamic extremism. The main highlights of his career to last October are set out here. The IFE, the mosque and their allies have also made more than 200 complaints about us to the PCC and to the broadcasting regulator, Ofcom. Every single one of those complaints has been rejected, too.
In her piece, Ms Khan angrily denied that Lutfur’s supporters were “homophobic.” In fact, the East London Mosque is perhaps the most powerful homophobic institution in London. As I and others have described, Lutfur’s most prominent supporter, Shiraj Haque, and other Rahman backers, have repeatedly homophobically heckled gay councillors from the public gallery in Tower Hamlets’ own council chamber. Rabina Khan’s cabinet colleague for education, Cllr Oli Rahman, has shared a platform at the East London Mosque, in his official capacity, with a group that campaigns against homosexuality. Her cabinet colleague for regeneration, Cllr Rania Khan, posted homophobic rhetoric on her social networking pages.
Rabina’s fear, of course, is that public disquiet about Lutfur will undermine his close ally, Ken Livingstone. At the election that brought Rahman to power, Ken broke with his own party to campaign for Lutfur, against Labour. Ken’s own links with the IFE are also close. In 2004/5 Ken’s London Development Agency (LDA) gave the East London Mosque hundreds of thousands of pounds in to build a new headquarters for the IFE, even though the LDA’s own staff warned that there was “no case” for paying it the money. At the subsequent London mayoral poll – an election lost by Ken – senior members of the IFE managed to secure extraordinary swings, completely unreplicated anywhere else, towards Livingstone in Tower Hamlets and neighbouring Newham.
In recent years, Tower Hamlets has seen highly suspicious movements in its electoral roll – going up sharply in years with major elections, plunging back down when there are no elections, then shooting up again in the next election year. Many of the new names on the electoral roll (albeit in a community where people have common names) are the same as those of people we have identified as members of the IFE. This is what the Standard was getting at.
Since I last wrote about Lutfur’s administration, it has become even more of a public scandal. One of Lutfur’s councillors, Shelina Akhtar, has been sentenced to 16 weeks in jail for her second offence of benefit fraud. Quite incredibly, weeks after her imprisonment, she remains a councillor, collecting her full £200-a-week allowance.
Lutfur has been revealed to be paying £1,000 a day to a former senior LDA manager, one of a number of Ken “cronies” now employed at Tower Hamlets. Lutfur has even refused to answer questions from councillors at meetings, with one council officer explaining that to do so would “breach his human rights.”
My last meetings with the foreign correspondent Marie Colvin, who has been killed on duty in Syria today, were in Tripoli, just after Colonel Gaddafi’s compound fell to the revolution. We were all trying (and failing) to find drivers. There was virtually no traffic on the roads that day. Marie had no difficulty. She and her regular colleague Paul Conroy, the photographer, who has been injured today, swept up to my hotel on the back of a rebel machine-gun Landrover, having already been taken on a guided tour of the front line.
Until a day or so before, Tripoli had been cut off, encircled by rebel forces. At our last meeting of all, Marie – who was a great sailor – talked about how she’d planned to sail a yacht from Malta to get round the blockade. She would have done it, too, if events hadn’t overtaken her.
She was brave, and a fantastic writer, and got to all the right places at the right times. But most of all, she had style.
Boris Johnson and Ken Livingstone debated on the same platform yesterday at the Age UK London mayoral election hustings, the first time they have met since 2008. It was hardly a “spanking,” as one excitable Ken groupie panted. But it was, as the Standard’s Peter Dominiczak put it, a points victory for Ken.
Does that matter? Yes and no. In the real place that mattered – on television – the encounter was soundbites even. Most hustings are the mayoralty’s Via Dolorosa, with the candidates performing the appropriate ritual genuflections at each Station of the Cross to a backdrop of wailing from whichever of London’s sectional lobby groups, sorry diverse’n’vibrant communities, has hired a hall that day. The activists at most of these events don’t have much in common with ordinary voters.
The way you get a clap at a hustings is by promising to give the audience whatever it wants – free money always goes down particularly well – and Ken, untroubled by the need to make the sums add up, is much better at this than Boris. So we had £150 off your heating bills, 7 per cent off your fares, free bike hire for the over-60s and a new spending pledge to install lifts at dozens more Tube stations. At £100 million per station for the deep ones, that will be a pretty expensive round of applause.
But today did give us hacks an idea of the candidates’ strengths, weaknesses and the attack lines which will echo through our dreams in the weeks ahead. Ken’s lines were tactically effective while worsening his key strategic weaknesses of profligacy, hypocrisy and nastiness. “This isn’t the Bullingdon Club you know, you can’t interrupt,” was one typically charming thrust. He said Boris had only put up transport fares because he was too busy doing his “other job,” as a weekly columnist for the Daily Telegraph, to make savings at TfL. “I live a normal life in this city, I have a normal home,” said Ken. “[The salary of] £140,000 a year for mayor, I got by on that. I had no trouble whatsoever. If you can’t live on £140,000,you must have a very interesting lifestyle, that’s all I can say.” [Laughter and applause.]
Ken’s income in the last year for which figures are available was £284,000.
He again blamed Boris for the riots, saying: “Why the riots broke out was [because] when the relatives of Mark Duggan [the alleged gangster shot by police] went to Tottenham police station, the [Met] Commissioner wasn’t there to see them, the mayor wasn’t there to see them, the deputy mayor wasn’t there to see them.” Let us just say that few people will agree with this view.
There were also fascinating signs of what Ken’s polls must be telling him are his vulnerabilities. The humility soundbite was played for the second time in two weeks – he confessed to having made “mistakes” (sadly unspecified, but don’t expect them to include anything that matters.) He also insisted, for the second time in two weeks: “I don’t think I’ve ever lied to you.” With a list of brazen lies longer even than his list of Nazi-themed outbursts, I think that statement must be one of the mistakes, Ken!
Yesterday also showed us some of Boris’s weaknesses. For the moment, his strategic problem is that he hasn’t announced any major manifesto policies. It may simply be that he judges it to be too early – Ken has almost certainly gone too early on his fares cut – but the campaign proper is effectively starting now, and it will not be enough for Boris just to say how efficient he has been. Running on your record never works, as Ken found last time. We’ve had some themes – lowering council tax; yesterday there was mention of driverless Tube trains – but they haven’t been properly launched yet.
A decent sweetie for this audience – a pledge to stop a (Labour-inspired) plan to raise the starting age for the Freedom Pass above 60 – was effectively launched in the Standard and in the TV coverage but didn’t seem to get through to the crowd in the room.
I thought that there was also a tonal weakness. It was the second time I have seen Boris fail to read an audience recently – his speech at the annual City Hall press reception fell flat, and for the same reason, that some of his lines felt like they’d been written by other people: they were standard political attack lines, not quite his voice.
Boris certainly needs to attack Ken – God knows there’s enough there – but his gentle mockery can be more damaging than a sharply-pointed thrust. Line I liked most yesterday, on the new Routemaster and bringing back bus conductors (a Ken election commitment in 2000): “I not only keep my promises, I keep ones the previous mayor failed to keep.”
All this needs to be kept in perspective, though. The Boris line the hustings audience liked least – “You are a massive, profligate waster of public money” – played absolutely fine for the real audience, on TV.